The previous training session introduced to the participants the non-profit sector and the non-profit organizations and tried to encourage youth to gain knowledge, experience, and entrepreneurship skills to have better prospects on the labour market. This session focuses on identifying the social needs in order to start finding solutions.
The 3 economics sectors and their goals: There are three currently accepted elements or “sectors” in the economy (Gunn, 2004). The first sector includes the market or private sector where business is found. The second sector includes the functions of government typically considered as “public”. The third sector is loosely described as the non-profit, civic or voluntary sector. This sector typically includes faith organizations as well (Corry, 2010; Gunn, 2004). While each sector exists with specific boundaries defined by legal and tax regulations, those boundaries are quite flexible and, at times, overlapping.
Within those sectors, the social entrepreneurship emerges as a fourth sector of innovators who seek to maximize social benefit with an entrepreneurial mind-set (Chell, 2007; Dees, 1998a). This change of pattern impacts multiple domains such as management theory, organization change, public administration, and economics (Dart, 2004). The fourth sector blends the benefits of the for-profit and non-profit models to scale social change where growth is not typically possible due to resource or other environmental limitations (Weerawardena & Mort, 2006).
With the emergence of a fourth sector comes a new breed of social entrepreneur – social innovators who seek to maximize social benefit with an entrepreneurial mind-set (Chell, 2007; Dees, 1998a)
There is a plurality of structures between non-profit and for-profit: from the typical traditional non-profit up to the pure traditional business. In the middle we find the social enterprises, which use a business model to reinvest the profit into a social project in order to address a societal need.
Social need is any essential need for the survival and the progress of the individuals (or the society as a whole) and its derivatives. Example of social needs include: food and water, energy, health protection and medication, education, transportation, employment, safety and security etc.
Social challenges refer to problems that people in a particular social group may facet. Examples of social challenges include unemployment, lack of education, integration of disadvantaged or disabled members into the society etc. The social challenges can be local, regional, national or supranational.
In Europe, for example, the most poignant social challenges are:
In Africa the following challenges are prevailing:
In Latin America, most common challenges are:
Example of KANE’s partnerships – good Practices in Greece
Other Good Practices around the world
Based on the information given above, discuss in groups:
First activity: What are the biggest social problems persisting in your country?
|Social problem||Why/how it happens?||Which people are facing it?|
(educational level, economical level, geographical situation etc)
Second activity: Find a social business idea and explain what social problem it solves and why.
Make a SWOT analysis of their social enterprise. What is social entrepreneurship? How would you explain to the others? What are the best social entrepreneurship ideas that you remember?
|Existing social enterprise, their short description||What social problems they solve and how|
|Ideas generated during the project, their short descriptions||What social problems they solve and how|
What social entrepreneurship funding opportunities do you remember?
What other help is there for social entrepreneur? (incubators, start-up acceleration, consulting opportunities etc.)
What are the existing barriers to social entrepreneurship in Europe and how to solve them?
|Barriers to social entrepreneurship / how they happen?||What could solve them?|
Q1. According to Corry 2010 and Gunn 2004 in which sector belongs the non-profit sector?
Q2. Which are the other names of non-profit sector? (More than one answers)
a. Civic sector
b. Rural sector
c. Volunteer sector
d. Public sector
Q3. Non-profit sector can cooperate with other sectors?
a. Yes, only with private sector
b. Yes, with private and public sector
c. Yes, only with public sector
d. No, only with other non-profit enterprises
Q4. Which sector can address societal needs and challenges?
a. Private sector
b. Public sector
c. Non-profit sector
d. All above
Q5. Which from the below is not a societal need and/or challenge?
As previously done during the activities, it is important (as part of public inclusion and therefore efficient addressing of needs) to conduct and gather research (including surveys) determining the weaknesses and strengths that are present in society. By conducting the SWOT-analysis, it can provide the necessary information and data on which societal needs and challenges can be addressed in new non-profit enterprises.
Patten, Cyrus O. (2017), Non-profit Social Enterprise: Social Change in a New Economic Paradigm. https://scholarworks.uvm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1685&context=graddis
A Cognitive Analytics Management Framework (CAM-Part 2): Societal Needs, Shared-Value Models, Performance Indicators, Big Data, Business Analytics Models and Tools